Country | The People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Location | South Asia; between 20º 34′ and 26º 38′ north latitude and between 88º 01′ and 92º 41′ east longitude; consists of flat fertile alluvial land. Boundaries | North-India (West Bangal & Meghalaya) West-India (West Bengal) East-India (Tripura & Assam) and Mayanmar, South-Bay of Bengal. Area | 147,570 sq.km. (Territorial water-12 nautical miles)
Capital City | Dhaka, Metropolitan Area 522 sq km. Standard Time | GMT + 6 hours Climate | Climate Sub-tropical monsoon. Winter (Dec-Feb) temperature: average maximum 29º C, average minimum 11º C, Summer (Apr-Jun) temperature: average maximum 32º C, average minimum 21º C Rainfall | 1194 mm to 3454 mm (average during monsoon, June-August) Humidity | Highest: 99% (July), Lowest: 36% (December & January).
Vegetation | Grassland, mixed evergreen and evergreen. Population | 150 million (Approx), density: 916 persons per sq. km. Language | 95% Bangla and 5% other dialects. English is widely spoken. Religion | Muslim (88.3%), Hindu (10.5%) Buddhist (0.6%), Christian (0.3%) & Animists and believers in Tribal Faiths (0.3%) Foods | Rice, Vegetables, Pulses, fish and meat.
Principal Crops | Rice, wheat, jute, tea, tobacco and sugar cane. Principal River | Padma, Brahmaputra, Jamuna, Meghna, Karnaphuli, Teesta etc. Total 230 rivers including tributaries. Mineral Resources | Natural gas, limestone, hard rock, coal, lignite, silica, sand, white clay, radio active sand etc. (There is a strong possibility of oil deposit). Form of Government | Parliamentary form of Government headed by the Prime Minister. The President is the constitutional head of the state. Currency & Exchange Rate with Major | Taka, abbreviation ‘Tk’. US$ 1= Tk. 78.00
Airports | International Airports | Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport, Dhaka; Hazrat Shah Amanat International Airport, Chittagong and Osmani International Airport, Sylhet. Domestic Airports | Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet, Cox’s Bazar, Thakurgaon, Syedpur, Rajshahi, Jessore and Barisal. Sea Ports | Chittagong and Mongla. Inland River Ports | Dhaka, Chanpur, Barisal, Khulna, Bhairab, Narayanganj, Sirajganj etc.